First russian museum - Kunstkamera
What is the first museum in Peter? Long think probably not to come, all will in chorus answer certainly russian
museum Kunstkamera or if in translation, that simply cabinet of the rarities. Why first? Yes probably because of what beginning given museum became the fascination Petra First to collect all rare and unique. Being in abroad he bought, he presented and he simply found occasionly such rare and interesting belongings that them except in museum to put was not where.
Basically on initial stage museum was renewed anatomical rarity, biological carelessness of the nature. Later in ????? started to appear and subjects art, all rare, books, engravings and archeological discoveries.
Originally Petr kept their own treasure in Moscow, but later, as have buildet north capital, that whole collection
has i carried in new apatments. For new place under collection
is chose was a Year palace. Have charge of keeping of the collection
s main chemist in state leib-physician Robert Areskin but in the same way guard for condition of the collection
s Iogann Shumaher. This was else private collection
and except tsar and drawn near more its did not see then else nor who.
grew and spread, yes and Petr has solved take care of brightening society, as a result came the decision to make from their own treasure museum outlandish things. As from 1718 museum becomes the autonomous unit, but under exhibition have returned the chambers Smolinogo palace and partly of Kikina palace. Though place was much, but all these premiseses in itself did not get, but on some directions of keeping they in general did not approach. Yes and as for museum place was absolutely not popular. All walked in town centre, but ???? fall into museum happened to to go on the end of the city far. The First presentation museum has struck not only local folk, but also other foreigner, who from begining being inhabitant of the progressive Europe such here is outlandish things did not see. For constantly to renew the collection
a museum clerk left in Europe and they if as found interesting, that gained then and there to account of the treasury for development museum. The Museum at the first years of its existence was even in plan exhibit very unique, in its chamber were even alive exhibits, freaks, dwarveses and big people.
Building Itself in which on given time is found Kunstkamer though and was built with 1718 on 1734, but enough good-conditioned. Has Developed the project certain main specialist G. Matarnovi, but did not build.. Have Built on its drawing other skilled craftsman architects N. Gerbeli, Kiaveri and M. Zemcov. The Body museum as it were symmetrical comparatively main of the body, that is the centerline of the building. On the right body in three floors and on the left body in three floors, but on the centre as it were too body but difference its is many flors tower on upper floor.